Nick Name: Marion Michael Morrison; Duke; Duke Morrison
Birthday: May 26, 1907
Famous: Quotes By John Wayne Actors
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died At Age: 72
Also Known As: Marion Mitchell Morrison
Born In: Winterset, Iowa, U.S
Famous As: Actor, Director, Produce
Political Ideology: Republican
Spouse/Ex-: Esperanza Baur (M.1946–54), Josephine Alicia Saenz (M.1933–45), Pilar Pallete (M.1954–1973)
Father: Clyde Leonard Morrison (1884–1937)
Children: Ethan Wayne, Marisa Wayne, Mary Antonia, Michael Wayne, Patrick Wayne
Religion: Roman Catholic
Died On: June 11, 1979
Place Of Death: Los Angeles, California
Cause Of Death: Cancer
U.S States: Iowa
Epitaphs: Tomorrow Is The Most Important Thing In Life. Comes Into Us At Midnight Very Clean. It's Perfect When It Arrives And It Puts Itself In Our Hands. It Hopes We've Learned Something From Yesterday.
Net Worth: $50 Million
John Wayne was an American actor and director who went on to become one of the greatest stars in Hollywood in a career that lasted several decades. Wayne did not set out to be an actor but it was a set of circumstances that finally saw him starting off as an extra in movies and from then on he stayed in the industry to become one of the biggest stars who specialised in typical Westerns. Initially, John Wayne struggled a lot as he had to play bit part roles but it all changed when he appeared in the film ‘Stagecoach’ and over the years he appeared in such classic films as the ones comprising John Ford’s ‘Cavalry Trilogy’ and the 1956 film ‘The Searchers’ that is regarded by movie connoisseurs as his greatest performance. John Wayne also wore the director’s hat and during the Second World War acted in a number of films that were specially made to entertain the troops engaged in the war. Throughout his career, John Wayne left behind a body of work that will forever be treasured by film lovers and would be enjoyed by people across all ages.
Childhood & Early Life
Marion Robert Morrison, later renamed as John Wayne, was born to Clyde Leonard Morrison and Mary Alberta Brown on 26 May, 1907 in Winterset, Iowa. His father was a pharmacist while his grandfather Marion Mitchell Morrison was a veteran of the American Civil War.
The family moved around in his childhood and finally settled down in Glendale, California. John Wayne studied at the Wilson Middle School located in Glendale and was also involved with the Order of DeMolay, an off shoot of the Freemasons. Later on he went on to study at the Glendale High School and also played football for them.
He had always wanted to serve the US Navy but was rejected by the US Naval Academy so took up a sporting scholarship to the University of Southern California in 1925. However, an injury forced him out of sports altogether and he had to quit the university after his scholarship funds were pulled.
After leaving the University of South California, his coach at the university Howard Jones called in a favour and got him the job of an extra with the help of actor Tom Mix. Wayne acted in plenty of films as an extra and also as football playing extras.
It was in 1930 that John Wayne graduated from roles of an extra to a lead actor when Raoul Walsh cast him in the big budget film ‘The Big Trial’ and that was when he was given the name that became famous all over the world. The film failed commercially and Wayne was again forced to act in bit part roles.
After a period of struggle in which he appeared in some minor roles in some films and television shows throughout the 1930s, John Wayne got his first big break in the films ‘Stagecoach’ released in 1939. Following the critical appreciation and commercial success of ‘Stagecoach’, John Wayne finally became a name to be reckoned with in Hollywood. The following year he appeared in ‘The Long Voyage Home’ that further cemented his place as an A-lister.
When the Second World War broke out John Wayne wanted to enlist in the war effort but he wasn’t selected and instead he spent those years touring several places in order to entertain American soldiers. Some of the films of that period include ‘Flying Tigers’, ‘Back to Bataan’ and ‘Flame of the Barbary Coast’ among others. Many of those films were specifically meant to portray the valour of soldiers.
It was in 1948 that John Wayne teamed up with John Ford for the first of his ‘Cavalry Trilogy’ with ‘Fort Apache’. It was followed by ‘She Wore A Yellow Ribbon’ the following year and ‘Rio Grande’ in the year after to complete the trilogy. The same year he also started working with Howard Hawk, who directed the film ‘Red River’ which is regarded as a classic of the Western genre.
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